India is the seventh-largest country in the world in terms of geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and one of the biggest democracies in the world.
Bounded by the majestic Himalayan ranges in the north, Indian Ocean in the south, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Bay of Bengal in the east, India offers itself as a fascinating tourist destination in South Asia. It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, and the Maldives in the Indian Ocean.
Teeming with vivid kaleidoscope of landscapes, an endless stretch of golden beaches, magnificent historical sites and royal cities, misty mountain retreats, colourful people, rich cultures and festivities, the country is a paradise for millions of tourists from all over the world. It occupies an area of 1,269,345.6 square miles (3,287,590 sq km), making it the seventh largest country in the world, following Russia, Canada, the United States, China, Brazil, and Australia.
With snowcapped Himalayan peaks, emerald green Kerala backwaters, verdant jungles and sweeping desert plains, India's diversity enthralls visitors. A trip to India leaves lasting impressions of an ancient land populated by an eclectic people whose rich history and traditions are still ingrained in daily life.
Location: Bordered with China, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh
Area: 3,166,414 sq. km
Latitude: 8°4' and 37°6' north
Longitude: 68°7' and 97°25' east
People: More than two thousand ethnic groups and over 67 spoken languages
Population: 1.237 billion (2012) Surveyed by World Bank
Topography: From the highest point of Mt Kanchenjunga (8598 m) to the lowest point Lonar Lake (-150 m)
Vegetation: Wide range of vegetation due to its unique topographical variation from tropical to alpine
Weather: Climate ranges from tropical in the lowlands to Arctic in higher altitudes
Major Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Islam, Christianity